Mar 13, 2021

Spiralling to Oblivion or Climbing to Success

The views expressed in the following article are not necessarily those of the Times of Wirtland.


I (Stephen Reid) will show how Wirtland requires innovation to avoid becoming a footnote in digital history. I will then compare two competing visions for Wirtland’s future. 

Vision 1: In 2010 Wirtland’s owners wrote here about acquiring land from a cash-strapped country as sovereign territory for our virtual state, transforming it into a physical state. The people of Wirtland would buy this land from a donor country at USD 1000/square meter. With territory of its own, Wirtland can gain international recognition as a country in accordance with the Montevideo Convention. This would generate much-needed publicity and attract citizens. Economic and political growth would follow. 

I will examine the difficulties with implementing this plan and the challenge in proving Wirtland has permanent residents (a requirement for recognition). Economic and political growth reflect citizens’ trust in their country, and thus far this plan hasn’t improved on it. 

Vision 2: I have proposed to Wirtland’s leaders that they endow Witizens (citizens of Wirtland) with self-rule and legally recognized  human rights, and create the basis for a real economy which doesn’t disadvantage the world’s poor and middle classes. Recognizing Witizens rights (and by extension those of all people) and giving them democracy is vital. It will attract those who lack them in their country of residence. Wirtland can then set up a trust fund through a fundraising foundation, allowing Witizens to deposit (and withdraw) money which is guaranteed to retain its buying-power. This will lay a cornerstone for economic freedom and will be the first step toward setting up a virtual national bank with a unique currency. These are keys to an independent economy based on proven ethical and trust-building principles. Witizens faith in Wirtland will grow, as will its population and political clout. 

This vision involves significantly smaller challenges than the first one. 


We Witizens want progress in Wirtland, but we see no evidence of that in its websites -- a jumble of insecure and semi-connected concepts, many of which haven’t been updated for years. I empathize with Wirtland’s administrators, having myself experience the constant work of running a website. Still, Wirtland’s online stagnation is undeniable. 

In 2008, Wirtland was the first virtual state, but it is no longer the foremost. A space-bound competitor, founded in 2016, now has over 1,000,000 registered citizens. If we fail to create a raison d’etre -- something at which we can excel -- and a bold but realistic strategy for Wirtland’s future we will dwindle and end up in a dusty corner of the internet. [Achooo!] We might already be there. 

So how do we give Wirtland a meaningful purpose? Let’s compare a couple of options. I authored the second one, so please nuance it with critical comments.


The “quantum leap” growth method

This requires a big event and an external player for Wirtland’s explosive growth.

Wirtland’s leadership exemplifies this method through its intention to acquire land. The argument, first put forward in 2010, is as follows: 

Wirtland’s leaders want Wirtland to be recognized as a sovereign state, gaining publicity and attracting citizens. For this they must follow the Montevideo Convention (which defines a country). Wirtland must therefore fulfill the following requirements: 

“a.          a permanent population;

 b.           a defined territory;

 c.           government; and

 d.           capacity to enter into relations with the other states.”

It’s doubtful Wirtland’s present three owners constitute a government in the eyes of the Montevideo convention’s signatories to fulfill requirement “c” . Maybe they do, maybe not. That’s anyone’s guess. 

Wirtland’s leadership is planning an agreement with a desperate host country (fulfilling requirement “d”), whereby the host grants Wirtland a small parcel of unusable land in exchange for money (fulfilling requirement “b”). Nauru (known for environmental degradation and money-laundering) has been mentioned as a possible host. Wirtland will sell a parcel of the host’s worthless land to Wirtland’s citizens for USD 1000/ square meter, giving much of the profits to the host. That country stands to gain up to USD 10 million for a single hectare of unusable land, and Wirtland gets physical territory it can call its own. It sounds like a great deal for both parties.

After achieving all this, however, Wirtland must still demonstrate it has a permanent population in its newly-acquired territory. The land is useless, so we’ll assume it lacks infrastructure, roads from the host country, drinkable water, farmable land, usable or sellable resources etc. It might also contain hazardous waste. To permanently live there would therefore require an expensive effort by dedicated individuals which Wirtland must finance. Anyone interested? 

At least one house must be built on this territory to demonstrate permanence. And since Wirtland is a virtual state, its residents require internet access (either a land-line extended from the host country or a satellite link). Unless the land deal includes a road, rail, or sea link, everything must be carried in on the backs of its residents, including building materials, food, clothes, water if sufficient amounts can’t be collected from rain, waste disposal and sewage treatment plants, a generator and fuel (unless power lines can be drawn from the host country), personal items, and all the other necessities of life. Also, t+h-e land used for this residency project would be privately owned by Witizens who paid extravagant prices for it. They may all want rent. 

To demonstrate permanent residency and fulfill the first requirement of the Montevideo Convention, the residents of Wirtland’s territory must live there at least until the convention is satisfied. That could take years. Each trip outside the single hectare of Wirtland territory might require a visa. A prison term might be preferable. Still no volunteers? 

Any country in dire enough economic straits to sell a part of itself is probably unstable. What then keeps that host country from reneging on its deal or placing export duties on items entering Wirtland’s territory, especially when a new regime comes to power? 

This might still be possible with dedicated believers and a wealthy sponsor who doesn’t mind throwing money at it, but it is still likely to fail on the it's primary premise. Plots of useless land must actually be sold for USD 1000/square meter. Most of this money would go straight into the pockets of an unstable and probably unreliable country’s leadership. That land might even be privately owned (as it is in Nauru) which requires buying it twice. Also, Nauru’s present laws prohibit foreigners from buying Nauru’s land. 

Keep in mind that one square meter of Manhattan (the world’s most valuable property) is worth about USD 1200/square meter. Wirtland’s leadership claims this useless land can be almost as valuable as Manhattan’s, but they don’t say how, not even after 11 years. I take that to mean they have no idea. Neither have I. 

An object’s price is generally based on its market value and the trust between the buyer and the seller. Witizens haven’t demonstrated sufficient trust to even finance the ongoing operations of their virtual state. They hesitate to invest in a dictatorship, no matter how benevolent, and let's be very clear, Wirtland is owned by three people who dictate its future, making it a dictatorship. Autocracy is effective for establishing a virtual state, but it’s a weak basis for creating trust. So the value of worthless land will likely remain close to worthless. I wouldn’t pay USD 1000 or even USD 10/square meter for it. I might pay a single dollar for a square meter, just to say I own land in Wirtland, but at that price, no host country will go through the hassle of making a complex agreement with Wirtland to exchange sovereign territory for money. 

Even if the scheme succeeds, the international community need not recognize a country that fulfills the Montevideo Convention’s requirements (Abkhazia and South Ossetia are examples). Wirtland may go through all the hassle, jump through all the hoops, and still not reach its goal. 

However, the Montevideo Convention states that: 

“Even before recognition the state has the right to defend its integrity and independence, to provide for its conservation and prosperity, and consequently to organize itself as it sees fit, to legislate upon its interests, administer its services, and to define the jurisdiction and competence of its courts.” 

Wirtland could claim it has a defined (albeit disputed) territory consisting of planet Earth with a population of over 7 billion and a government (if the leadership forms one).It then only needs the capacity to enter into some sort of relation with another state, possibly a mikro-state like Liberland or the Principality of Seborga.  It needs only to recognize the authority of the Montevideo Convention to motivate its existence and claim legal protection of its interests. Why seek some illusive international recognition if it already has the legal right to exist without formal recognition? All recognized countries have accepted the Montevideo Convention as part of customary international law. This is important since it gives an unrecognized state, like Wirtland, legal rights which can be defended in any country’s courts, with the burden of proof lying on the other party. 

Land acquisition is, in my view, unnecessary and likely to fail. Wirtland has floundered during the 11 years its leadership has entertained this notion. It’s time for change. 

I encourage anyone with alternative views to comment or write an article and send it to Wirtland’s leadership here.

The organic growth method

Another possible future for our virtual state involves growth by steps using available resources. Wirtland has attempted this, but hasn’t allowed citizens rights or created an economy. Thus Witizens’ trust dwindled, and Wirtland’s initial success ended.

Using one’s strengths makes progress easier than struggling with one’s weaknesses. The previous method battles the weakness of Wirtland’s lack of international recognition,making progress difficult. We should highlight Wirtland’s strengths and only address its failings when they hinder progress.

We must, however, address Witizens’ abysmal trust. At present it hinders growth. The leadership’s unilateral decision to sell Wirtland on Ebay (which you can read about here) was an enormous breach of that trust. If Wirtland is to be sold, or become a democracy, or disband, or whatever, it should be Witizens’ choice. To recreate trust, I believe Wirtland’s leadership must recognize Witizens’ rights, among which is their right to self-govern. Wirtland’s leaders may choose to deny Witizens rights, but without rights Witizens will not invest in Wirtland’s future, and the country will remain in its dusty corner of the internet.

Creating trust involves letting Witizens adopt a constitution (The Constitution of Wirtland), treating them with dignity, giving them responsibilities, democratic government, and the basis for a fair and independent economy. Economy is the key to Wirtland’s growth, but I’ll cover that later.

A physical state need not create a purpose for itself, since it already has a captive population in need of services. But a state like Wirtland must find something at which it can out-compete all others. I suggest that human rights can be such a purpose. Rather than seeing Wirtland as a virtual state, consider it a global state which only uses a virtual medium.

Hundreds of millions of people, possibly billions, lack essential rights. They live in countries that imprison homosexuals, treat women as second class citizens, brutally discriminate against religious groups and propagate systemic racism and subjugation of aboriginals and natives. Then there are all those whose economic rights are exploited by others. Most oppressed people cannot just switch countries, but many have mobile phones. Any internet-based state that stands in solidarity with disenfranchised people has a potential citizenship numbering in the billions!

If Wirtland chooses this course, the next step is laying the groundwork for a new economy. The world’s dominant neoclassical economic system disadvantages most people in favor of banks and the wealthiest 1%. If Wirtland establishes a system which even slightly favours the economic rights of the 99%, its potential becomes almost limitless. Remember, the Montevideo Convention gives a non-recognized state the right to “provide for its conservation and prosperity”. A global state, such as Wirtland, thus has the right to create a bank, a currency, and its own economic system if it is a prerequisite to providing such prosperity. I envision this as a two-step process requiring:

1.    marketplaces in which to make fair trades of goods and services and

2.    a trusted currency with which to facilitate trade.

Economies, like virtual countries, are all about trust. Giving all Witizens valuable rights germinates seeds of trust that can be nurtured and grow into a viable economy. The first step requires setting up a non-profit Fundraising Foundation for Wirtland with an independent bank account.

The foundation creates a fund in which Witizens may freely deposit and withdraw money. The fund’s purpose is to ensure that the buying power of Witizens’ deposits don’t decrease over time, meaning any money they hold in the fund will increase in value at the rate of inflation. To do this, Wirtland’s government invests in diverse ethically-sound and successful businesses. Any profit exceeding inflation is invested in Wirtland’s development.

Wirtland, through its trust fund, has thereby established the economic right of zero inflation for Witizens’ money. It can then adopt a legitimate but competing model to the world’s dominant financial system, one which Christine Lagarde, the former head of the IMF, endorsed as more stable. This alternate model abolishes interest rates and requires that only real items be legal for sale. It therefore keeps loans from becoming oppressive and ensures that distorted financial derivatives like futures, options, shorts etc are abolished -- things the super-rich use to steal wealth from the less fortunate. That is an enormous step toward a fair economic playing field for Witizens. It will attract people and businesses in unstable countries to a fairer system in which the financially depressed can have faith.

Once Wirtland’s trust fund has generated sufficient capital, the national bank is set up with accounts for all Witizens. Any money invested in the trust fund is replicated in Witizens’ accounts as Wirtland’s own unique currency. Witizens retain the right to exchange it for foreign currency, a service for which the bank makes no profit, and zero inflation still applies, but Witizens may now also use Wirtland’s money in Wirtland’s free marketplaces.

These marketplaces charge nothing for the service, and allow Witizens to buy and sell goods and services meeting Wirtland’s ethical standards. The marketplaces will be web-based, requiring only programming. Anyone living in a country with high inflation will see the value of using Wirtland’s stable electronic currency over their own. As more Witizens exchange their currency for Wirtland’s, its trust fund grows, allowing more profitable investment.

I believe giving Witizens human rights, self-rule and a fairer economy creates a viable future. These things can be implemented incrementally starting now. They require no outside recognition or unreasonable financial investments. Witizens trust for Wirtland will be repaired and enable growth. In the end, the international recognition Wirtland’s leadership desires may be gained without selling worthless land at New York City prices.

Several donor organisations support democratization and human rights. Wirtland should seek additional project-assistance from them for programming and website development. I have personally contacted one, whose initial response was very positive.

Which method do you believe will provide the most hope for Wirtland’s future, the quantum leap or organic growth? Please write your reply in the comments.

Here are links to sites and documents where I am facilitating this organic growth.

Digital Democracy for Global Change (a Facebook group I founded)

The Constitution of Wirtland (Start with the introduction.)

Banking, Finance and Marketplaces (a foundation for a fair economy)

Your loyal fellow Witizen,

March 2021